What Is Ovulation Period?
Ovulation is the process where a mature egg is being released from the ovary and it pushes down the fallopian tube making it available to be fertilized.
Also, each month your ovaries will receive a matured egg and the egg will be released by the ovary where it reaches the fallopian tube to make its way towards waiting for sperm and the uterus.
Consequently, the lining of the uterus must have been thickened preparing for the egg to be fertilized. If pregnancy doesn’t occur; the lining of the uterine and blood will be released.
Menstruation will then set in which is the release of an unfertilized egg from the uterine wall.
Read Also: Ovulation Calculator-Know Your Fertile Days
Main Facts About It
- An egg can survive for about 12-24 hours after being released from the ovary
- During ovulation, only an egg is being released
- Illness, stress, and disruption of normal routines do affect ovulation
- Most at times implantation of a fertilized egg do occur between 6-12 days after ovulation
- A lady can become pregnant only during the fertile window in her menstrual cycle
- Your chance of conceiving is mostly increased if you have intercourse on your ovulation day or two days before ovulating
- A woman can have millions of eggs waiting for ovulation to take place
- Even if ovulation hasn’t occurred, the menstrual period can still set in
- Ovulation can surface even if your menstrual period has not started
There are several ways to work out when you are ovulating
Most women do experience little pains or aching close to the ovaries during ovulation which is known as mittelschmerz, meaning middle pain in German
If an egg isn’t fertilized, it breaks and is absorbed into the uterine lining in the woman’s body
When Are You More Likely To Be Pregnant?
This is referred to as your fertile window as it’s the days in a woman’s menstrual cycle when she can be pregnant. Most fertile window depends on the woman’s menstrual cycle length and this differs from one woman to another.
Consequently, a fertile window is actually the day a matured egg is being released from an ovary (ovulation) and not excluding the 5 days before ovulation. You stand a better chance of being pregnant when you indulge in intercourse.
Some Myths About Ovulation
Can a woman be pregnant at any time of the month as spoken by most people?
No, a woman can only be pregnant on a few days in her menstrual cycle. This is also possible as sperm and eggs can survive for a short period of time. Sperm can stay viable for up to 6 days while eggs can be fertilized for a maximum of a day after it has been released from the ovary. The sperm and the egg have to meet at the right time together for fertilization to occur giving rise to an embryo.
How Can I Track My Ovulation?
A woman’s monthly cycle is calculated from the first day of her menstrual period until the beginning of her next period.
Most women tend to experience a normal cycle usually between 28-32 days while some may experience a much longer or much shorter cycle.
Ovulation can be calculated beginning with the first day of your last menstrual period or by calculating 12-16 days from when your period is expected. Ovulation occurs between day 11-day 21 of their cycle in most women while counting from the first day you last menstruated.
This is mostly known as the fertile time in a woman’s cycle as she is most likely to be pregnant during coitus. Ovulation can surface at various times during a cycle and may surface on a different day monthly. It is advisable to track your cycle and a number of free fertility charting tools which are available to aid women to identify their peak fertile days.
Ovulation calculator is one of those things you can use to track your most fertile time as it is the time you are most likely to take in. It is also useful in determining your due dates if you tend to be pregnant during your next fertile days.
Other ways that can help you track your ovulation easily are:
- Using an ovulation predictor kit
- Looking out for changes in your cervical mucus as it will be wet, slippery in nature that looks like egg whites before ovulation begins through till ovulation ends. A basal thermometer can also help in tracking your body temperature rise which is one of the signs that ovulation has just surfaced.
- Tracking your ovulation can help you have a better understanding of when pregnancy can and can’t occur during your monthly cycle. When ovulation has taken place, it’s out of your reach to increase your chances of being pregnant. You then have to watch out for early pregnancy signs and symptoms.
Division Of Ovulation Cycle
Ovulation cycle is divided into two parts namely:
Follicular stage: This stage begins from the first day of the LMP (last menstrual period) and lasts until ovulation. The most first half of the cycle differs greatly among women lasting usually from 7 days to 40 days.
Luteal stage: This begins usually from the day of ovulation and continues until the next period begins. One advantage of this luteal stage is it has more precise timing and usually occurs between 12 to 16 days from the day of ovulation. This implies that your day of ovulation will actually determine how long your cycle will look.
Other factors like illness, stress, and disruption of normal routine can cause a shift in your ovulation thereby changing the time your period will surface. Consequently, stress can affect your ovulation which determines when your period will surface. But if the stress is experienced when you are expecting your period, it won’t make it come late as it was fixed to come between 12 to 16 days as earlier stated.
How To Know You’re Ovulating
A woman can know if she is ovulating if she discovers the following signs and symptoms in her body:
- Feelings of dizziness like feeling tired or sleepy
- Feelings of headache
- Breast tenderness or its size increases just like when you’re menstruating
This involves the release of prostaglandin which is discovered during the release of the mature egg from the ovary brings about mild pains around the abdomen. Women who are sensitive could discover this cramp about thin mid-cycle.
Increased sex drive
Most women will experience an increase urge to make love as a result of the ovulation.
A slight increase in your body temperature
Progesterone which is a hormone is usually released immediately after ovulation and it has a thermogenic effect that increases your body temperature by 0.5oc to 1oc.
Changes in your vaginal or cervical secretion
Usually, your vaginal and cervical secretions are mostly thick and gummy when feeling with the hands. During ovulation, the sticky secretion becomes very slippery and slimy in nature as you can easily notice these changes if you’re a type that does look out for your vaginal discharge daily. This particular change in your vaginal secretion shows that ovulation has occurred.
In a situation where there is no secretion and your mucus is in paste-like form or sticky then you are probably safe. If the secretion is wet, slippery, and can easily be stretched is a clear sign that you are not safe and should refrain from unprotected sex.
The following are the menstrual cycle of Mrs. Blessing, Esther, and Rose whose menstrual cycles are 28, 30, and 32 days respectively and so will their ovulation days differ.
Since her menstrual cycle is 28 days, counting from 1-28 days her unsafe days are from 12-16 day of the 28 days cycle.
Since her menstrual cycle is 30 days, counting from 1-30 days you will discover her unsafe days are from 14-18 day of the 30 days cycle.
Her menstrual cycle is 32 days, counting from 1-32 days you will discover her unsafe days are from 18-22 day of the 32 days cycle.
From the above chart we can deduce that Mrs. Blessing ovulates on the 14th day, Mrs. Esther ovulates on the 16th day, and Mrs. Rose ovulates on the 18th day. Those five (5) days listed are your unsafe days and you are more likely to get pregnant during those days.
How To Plan For Your Ovulation Day
My period begins on Wednesday 1st May 2019
You can be a little bit fertile on Saturday 11th May 2019
Fertile on Sunday 12th May 2019
Very fertile on Monday 13th May 2019
Time to ovulate Tuesday 14th May 2019
End cycle on Tuesday 28th May 2019
Note: If by 30th or 31st May 2019 you didn’t see your period, maybe you might be pregnant and go for a pregnancy test for confirmation.
What Are The Things That Do Occur From The Menstrual Period To Ovulation?
Most at times your estrogen levels will be low when your menstrual cycle begins. Your hypothalamus which is usually in charge of stabilizing your hormonal levels sends a message to your pituitary gland which then releases follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). The follicle stimulating hormone provokes a few of your follicles to produce mature eggs which will then develop into a dominant follicle thereby releasing a mature egg and others will be broken down.
These follicles that are being mature tend to release another hormone known as estrogen. This high level of estrogen will send message to the pituitary gland and hypothalamus that there’s a mature egg ripe for fertilization.
A luteinizing hormone will be released which is also known as LH surge. This makes the egg to break through the ovary wall within 1-2 days and finally swims to the fallopian tube to undergo fertilization.
The follicle from which the egg is being released is known as Corpus luteum making progesterone to be released which thicken and prepare the uterine lining for implantation to occur.
This corpus luteum will then produce progesterone for about 12-16 days (usually the luteal stage of your cycle). The Corpus luteum will continue the production of progesterone for a developing pregnancy if an egg is being fertilized until the placenta completely takes charge.
You may start looking out for pregnancy signs and symptoms as early as a week after fertilization must have occurred. Also, a pregnancy test kit can be used to check for pregnancy from 7-10 days past your ovulation date.
Furthermore, the egg will dissolves after 24 hours if fertilization does not occur. During this time your hormone levels will reduce and your uterine lining will start shedding about 12-16 days from ovulation.
This leads to menstrual period bringing us back to the first day of your cycle. The journey then starts all over from the beginning.
All women should be able to know the timing of their ovulation as it helps determine when you can be pregnant and how to prevent pregnancy. Also, having intercourse as close as possible to the time of ovulation increases your chance of being pregnant.
Consequently, if a lady indulges in sex for a minimum of 6 days and above before ovulation, her chance of being pregnant is very negligible. If she indulges in sex like 5 days before ovulating, her chances of getting pregnant are about 10 percent but if she has sex on her ovulation day, or 2 days before, her chance of being pregnant is approximately 30 percent. Although, these figures are average and depend on the woman’s age.